Whatfs Mallakhamb ?




It was the most surprising for me to witness Mallakhamb at first among another variety of Indian martial arts.

Basically it was originated as martial exercise especially for Kushti Indian traditional wrestling.

In general, It is called Mallakhamb, malla means wrestler and khamb means pole, but Malkham in Tamil.


Mallkhamb is divided into 4 categories.


1.   Preperation and Basic exercise.

From basic stretch, roll and jump, exceeding to difficult floor exercise with advanced Hatha Yoga postures in continuous action on the mat.

It looks like the hybrid of Yoga Asana, Gymnastics and Chinese circus. The bodily flexibility of every student is absolutely extraordinary.


2.   Mallakhamb

Stand the wooden pole length of 3m and half, and fixed it below ground level depth of 70cm, then try to climb it up from the bottom to the top without rest, continuously move op by combination of Yoga like postures. Then stand on the top of the pole, finish with big jump and roll. It demands much flexibility, power of muscle, sense of balance, and total coordination of body-mind concentration.

Itfs some kind of fighting simulation with big guy of 2.7m heights. If man can realize mastery over such kind of powerful opponent, he can easily control over normal human.  


3.   Hanging Mallakhamb

Hanging wooden pole, which is little smaller than regular one, from 5m height by the rope, then make same exercise of the above.

Because of unbalanced condition, the degree of difficulty is much higher than regular Mallakhamb.


4.   Rope Mallakhamb

Hanging cotton rope length of 10m, then climbing up from the bottom

to the top using both hands and the crotch of big toes. On the way of

climbing, make much variations of Yoga like postures.

In highly advanced level, speed, agility, power, and fluidness are

extremely fascinating. It looks like the origin of great Chinese circus.


‚P and ‚S are fit for girls, then ‚Q and ‚R are only for boys because of practiced by naked body.


Mallakhamb has appeared in the history with the name of gManosolhash on classic record in 1135 at first, as a universal martial exercise.

Some people say that it was originated at the land of Tamil in Sangam period, but I could not identify it yet.

In the meddle of 19th century, the great Kushti wrestler/trainer  Balambhattadada Deodhar renovated it, promoted it as a vigorous exercise for wrestlers. It has become the dawn of modern Mallakhamb. At first it was mere exercise but afterwards, people recognized the value of the art, it became the important and unique section of gymnastics fields.

In 1958, it has taken entry to the All India Gymnastics Competition.

Now, it was highly developed and popularized all over India, especially

in Bombay Maharashtra, and Villupulam of Tamil Nadu.




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